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Is Magnesium Diboride MgB2 a Superconductor?

The World Bank expects global economic growth to slow significantly, from 5.5% in 2021 to 4.1% in 2022 and further to 3.2% in 2023. Growth in East Asia and the Pacific is expected to slow to 5.1 percent in 2022, reflecting the impact of China's economic slowdown, the report said. China's economic growth is expected to fall to 5.1% in 2022, close to potential growth, due to the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Chinese government's tightening of regulations in certain sectors of the economy. The report said that the rapid spread of the Omicron variant means that the new crown epidemic is likely to continue to disrupt economic activity in the near future. In addition, decelerating growth in major economies, including the United States and China, will depress external demand in emerging markets and developing economies.
Slow economic growth has a huge impact on MgB2 powder.

Introduction to Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Magnesium diboride or magnesium boride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula MgB2. It is a dark gray, insoluble solid. 
The compound is of interest because it becomes superconducting at 39 K (-234 °C). In terms of its composition, MgB2 is significantly different from most low-temperature superconductors, which are mainly transition metals. The superconductivity mechanism is mainly described by BCS theory.
 
Is Magnesium Diboride MgB2 a Superconductor?
The superconducting properties of magnesium diboride were discovered in 2001.
Its critical temperature (Tc) is 39 K (-234°C; -389°F), which is the highest among conventional superconductors. This is unusual in conventional (phonon-mediated) superconductors.  Its electronic structure allows for the existence of two distinct types of electrons at the Fermi level, one of which (sigma-bonding) is more superconducting than the other (Pi-bonding).  This contradicts the usual phonon-mediated superconductivity theory, which assumes that all electrons behave in the same way. The theoretical understanding of MgB2 characteristics can be almost realized by modeling two energy gaps.
In 2001, it was thought to act more like a metal than a cuprate superconductor. 
 

Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder Properties
Other Names magnesium boride powder, MgB2
CAS No. 12007-25-9
Compound Formula MgB2
Molecular Weight 45.927
Appearance gray to black powder
Melting Point 830°C
Boiling Point N/A
Density 2.57g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 46.003653

 

Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder CAS 12007-25-9

 
Related Elements of MgB2:
Boron:
Boron (atomic symbol: B, atomic number:5) is a p-block element of group 13 of period 2, with an atomic weight of 10.81. Each boron layer has 2,3 electrons, and its electron configuration is [He] 2s2, 2p1. The boron atom has a radius of 90pm, and the van der Waals radius is 192pm. Boron is classified as a metal-like substance that does not naturally occur on Earth. The element boron, along with carbon and nitrogen, is one of the few elements in the periodic table known to form stable triple bond compounds. The bandgap of boron ranges from 1.50 to 1.56 eV, which is higher than that of silicon and germanium.
 
Magnesium:
Magnesium (atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12) is the second group S element of period 3, with an atomic mass of 24.3050. The shell electron number of magnesium is [2,8,2] and the electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2. The radius of the magnesium atom is 160pm, and the van der Waals radius is 173pm. Magnesium is the eighth-most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common on the entire planet. Elemental Magnesium In its elemental form, magnesium has a shiny gray metallic appearance and is a very reactive substance. It can be found in minerals such as brucite, carnallite, dolomite, magnesite, olivine, and talc. Commercially, magnesium is mainly used in the manufacture of strong and light aluminum-magnesium alloys, which have many advantages in industrial applications.
 
Main Supplier of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality magnesium boride MgB2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
 

Since the beginning of this year, China's macro policies have made continuous efforts to stabilize economic growth. America and Europe are raising interest rates to control inflation. On March the European Central Bank left its three key interest rates unchanged and began to scale back its asset-purchase programme. Then the Federal Reserve raised the target range of the federal funds rate by 25 basis points to 0.25%-0.5%. The accelerated tightening of monetary policies in the US and Europe pushed capital back to the US and increased interest rates, which will definitely increase the risk of RMB depreciation and capital outflow. The price and market of the MgB2 powder will also be affected, resulting in a range of fluctuations. You are welcome to contact us for the latest quotation of MgB2 powder.

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